Adenocarcinoma is a type of cancer that develops in glandular tissue and is typically found in the epithelium and salivary glands. In rare cases of Adenocarcinoma, the sinus cavity is affected. Sinonasal Adenocarcinoma is potentially fatal if the disease goes undiagnosed for too long.

Research supports a link between nasal Adenocarcinoma in people involved in the woodworking industry. Woodworkers who have had frequent exposure to hardwood dust have a significantly higher risk of developing Sinonasal Adenocarcinoma. Workers who have been exposed to metals including arsenic, cadmium, chromium, and nickel are also at risk.

Sinonasal Adenenocarcinoma is a form of Adenocarcinoma affecting the nasal cavity glands. This type of Adenocarcinoma is categorized as follows:

  • Intestinal Type Adenocarcinoma is extremely malignant and those diagnosed with this type of nasal cancer often have a poor prognosis.
  • Cuboidal Adenocarcinoma is considered a precursor to nasal cancer and refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the sinonasal cavity.
  • Papillary Adenocarcinoma is characterized by tumor(s) that protrude from the lining of the nasal cavity. This type of nasal cancer is not prone to rapid growth and is the one most frequently seen in wood workers.